It is recommended to visit your Dentist twice a year for a checkup.
The Dentist will examine all the soft tissues of the oral cavity in order to detect any signs of pathology such as oral cancers or gum disease. During this appointment the dentist will also examine the hard tissues such as the bone of the Jaw, the joints (TMJ), as well as the teeth in order to detect any signs of caries (cavities) or other pathologies.
Patients over the age of 4 are recommended to have a dental cleaning twice a year
During this appointment the Dentist/Hygienist will remove any accumulations of Calculus (tartar) and plaque as well as polish the teeth. The Dentist will discuss oral hygiene instructions in order to improve brushing and flossing at home. This will reduce the risk of developing cavities as well as gum disease.
The Tooth consists of Enamel, Dentine and Pulp (Nerve). In certain situations, the nerve might become infected such as in cavities, cracks, traumas.
Root canals treatment consists of removing the infected nerve, disinfecting the canals using a series of detergents and instruments and filling the canals with a thermoplastic material that prevents the infection from taking place again.
Many times, your Dentist will recommend placing a crown on a tooth that receives a root canal in order to protect it from fractures.
When a root canal is performed on a heavily damaged tooth, your dentist may recommend a fiber or gold post to be placed into the root canal system in order to be used as a retention mechanism for a buildup of the tooth made out of composite or gold. This will provide the adequate tooth structure that is needed to hold the future crown.
In the cases of a tooth that is no longer savable or problematic wisdom teeth, our gentle team at McGill Medical & Dental Center will be able to remove the tooth without any pain, making sure that you have the least traumatizing experience.
This treatment is intended for patients who suffer from the pigmentation of their gums. The procedure of removing the melanin, which causes the pigmentation, is done painlessly and rapidly with the help of a Laser.
The loss of tooth structure can be caused by many factors such as caries, trauma, or even congenitally missing teeth.
The goal of restorative dentistry is to re-establish the form, function, and esthetics of a damaged tooth. This is accomplished through
Preventative Resin Restorations: Certain teeth develop with deep anatomical grooves that render them more susceptible to develop cavities. In these cases the dentist can open the pits and fissures and conservatively remove the caries then fill the grooves with a resin restoration that seals the area from bacteria and prevent the future development of cavities.
Simple fillings: Fillings can be made out of Amalgam (silver), Composite (white), Glass Ionomer (used mainly in children and high caries risk patients), or Porcelain Inlays (for superior esthetics and strength).
Crowns: When more than 50% of the tooth structure is damaged a Crown is recommended which is made out of Porcelain or Gold and covers the entire surface of the tooth to protect it from further damage.
Dental Implants: When a tooth needs to be extracted or is completely missing a dental implant is recommended which acts as an anchorage device that is placed in the bone of the jaws and is allowed to solidify through a process called Osteointegration. Following a healing period of 3-6 months, the implant can now receive a crown or a bridge that is screwed or cemented onto the implant and functions exactly like a natural tooth.
Bridges: When multiple teeth are missing across a dental arch and an adequate number of solid teeth are present, a fixed dental bridge may be recommended in which the remaining teeth receive a crown. The missing teeth will then be replaced by false teeth made out of porcelain that are bridged to the crowns on the solid teeth.
Are a thin handcrafted shell made of porcelain that is placed on the face surface of front teeth.
They allow us to improve the shape, the colour, and the alignment of certain teeth
In order to place a veneer a small layer of the enamel needs to be prepared and reduced in order to accommodate the space of the veneer. In Certain cases, no preparation is needed on the teeth
Not all patients are candidates for Veneers, it is therefore important to have a consultation with your dentist in order to determine if you are a good candidate or not.
This safe and effective chairside method of tooth whitening requires the use of a bleaching gel that is applied on the teeth and the Zoom Light is used to activate the bleaching gel. In 2 hours a noticeably superior color can be seen.
Take Home Whitening:
In this safe and effective technique of bleaching, the Dentist makes custom trays that are adapted to the patient’s teeth and a bleaching agent is prescribed onto the trays. The patient is then instructed to wear the trays for a specific duration every day for about 2 weeks until the treatment is finished.
Fluoride: The application of Fluoride is essential in reducing the risk of dental caries. Once the child has finished his/her exam and cleaning, a Fluoride varnish is applied to the teeth in order to re-mineralize and strengthen them.
Pits and Fissure Sealants:
This treatment consists of a permanent varnish that is applied to the grooves and pits and baby or adult teeth in order to seal them against bacteria that create cavities.
Stainless Steel Crown (SSC):
When baby teeth are heavily damages due to cavities or traumas, a stainless steel crown can be placed to protect the remaining tooth surface and allows the child to keep his baby tooth until its appropriate time of exfoliation. This reduces the risk of crowding of adult teeth as well as delayed eruptions.
The conservation of the baby tooth as long as possible until its appropriate exfoliation stage is important in preventing future problems in terms of crowding and delayed eruptions.
In cases where cavities reach the nerve of a baby tooth that is not ready to fall off, the Dentist may partially remove the infected nerve in order to keep the baby tooth until its appropriate time of exfoliation.
It is of important for children to maintain their baby teeth until their right exfoliation to prevent any crowding issues that may take place when the baby tooth is lost early.
In the event that a baby tooth is lost early, a small device called a space maintainer can be placed in order to hold the space that is needed for the adult tooth to erupt in its proper place.
The duration of a space maintainer could vary from a few months to a couple of years depending on the case.
Space maintainers come in different designs depending on the number of teeth lost. Your dentist will be able to explain to you which design is more appropriate for your child.
Removable Orthodontic Appliances:
When dental crowding is detected at an early stage of development, it is sometimes possible to recreate the missing space using a removable appliance that will allows the dentist to expand the dental arch and do minor tooth movements.
The age at which an orthodontic appliance may be needed depends on the level of crowding as well as the level of dental development of the child. Your dentist will be able to determine that appropriate time.